Funding for this research was provided by:
UKCAT Research Panel
Received: 26 May 2018
Accepted: 29 November 2018
First Online: 20 December 2018
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The Chair of the local ethics committee ruled that formal ethical approval was not required for this study given the fully anonymised data was held in safe haven. No patients or the general public were involved in this research. All students applying for the UK Foundation Programme sign a statement confirming that their data may be used anonymously for research purposes.CONSENT FOR PUBLICATION: UK Medical Education Database (“UKMED”) UKMEDP 026 extract generated on 12/08/2016. Approved for publication on 27/03/2017.
: This study is part of Ben Kumwenda’s doctoral programme of research funded by the UKCAT Research Panel, of which JC is a member. KW is the Special Advisor (Recruitment) for the UK’s Foundation Programme Office (UKFPO).
: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.