Received: 31 July 2019
Accepted: 26 September 2019
First Online: 16 October 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: This study was determined to be exempt from IRB review by Bellarmine IRB, Louisville, KY. Institutional Review Board (designated protocol #555). The project was classified as exempt under the categories of “research conducted in established or commonly accepted educational settings, involving normal education practices” and as “research involving the use of educational tests, survey procedures, interview procedures or observation of public behavior”. Prior to survey administration students were given verbal information that their participation in the survey was voluntary and would not impact their scores or performance in any course or standing in the program. Consent to participate was implied by participant completion of the survey. The IRB reviewed this procedure and the instructions given to participants prior to survey administration in our claim of exemption submission.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.