Funding for this research was provided by:
US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (R18-HS020415)
Foundation for Anesthesia Education and Research
Received: 18 June 2020
Accepted: 15 March 2021
First Online: 12 April 2021
: The study was approved by the Institutional Review Boards at each study site and informed consent was given for participation by each individual in the study.Center for Experiential Learning and Assessment, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee; Center for Research and Innovation in Systems Safety, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 111009.University of Pittsburgh Medical Center and Winter Institute for Simulation Education and Research, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania PRO11080484.Department of Anesthesiology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 12000243.Icahn School of Medicine at Mt. Sinai, New York, New York 13–1092-00001.Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 12–002781.Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania PRAMS039627EP.Center for Immersive and Simulation-based Learning, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California; VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, California 22924.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.