Funding for this research was provided by:
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JP18K09986)
Initiative for Realizing Diversity in the Research Environment in Tokyo Women’s Medical University (Initiative for Realizing Diversity in the Research Environment in Tokyo Women’s Medical University)
Received: 26 June 2020
Accepted: 18 May 2021
First Online: 5 June 2021
: This study was conducted in compliance with the Research Ethics Guidelines of the Japan Society for Medical Education. The mini-CEX data and questionnaire responses were anonymised so that individual data could not be identified. The purpose of the study and ethical considerations were explained clearly to all participants. The purpose and design of this study had already been opened to the public by the Database of Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (KAKEN). It was confirmed that all participants provided informed verbal consent and we obtained comprehensive approval according to the guidelines for handling personal information such as academic records on the website of Tokyo Women’s Medical University. An educational exemption was obtained from the Tokyo Women’s Medical University Ethics Review Board.
: All participants in this study gave their consent for this study to be published when they consented to participate in the study. Patient data were not included in this study.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.