Funding for this research was provided by:
Swiss National Science Foundation (P2GEP1_184139)
Received: 12 October 2021
Accepted: 11 April 2022
First Online: 21 April 2022
: The University of California San Francisco (IRB Number: 16-21142) and the University of California Davis (IRB ID: 998501-1) Institutional Review Boards, an institutional committee that applies research ethics by reviewing the methods proposed for research, reviewed the study and determined it to be exempt. Our study was deemed exempt as it only includes observation, survey and interview procedures, in the setting of established or commonly accepted educational settings that specifically involves normal educational practices that are not likely to adversely impact students’ opportunity to learn required educational content and does not adversely impact the assessment of educators who provide instruction. All methods were performed in accordance with the relevant institutional ethical guidelines and regulations for exempt research, including the requirement for verbal versus written consent.
: Not Applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.