Funding for this research was provided by:
Patrick and Catherine Weldon Donaghue Medical Research Foundation
Received: 14 November 2019
Accepted: 1 July 2020
First Online: 12 August 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: We obtained approval for the use of the data in this study with a waiver of consent from the Institutional Review Board at Partners HealthCare (protocol 2005P002282). The waiver of consent was granted by the IRB in accordance with the requirements stated in the US Department of Health and Human Services regulations 45 CFR 46.116(d).
: Not applicable.
: SA receives salary support through Massachusetts General Hospital as a medical editor for Healthwise, a not-for-profit company, that develops and distributes patient education and decision support materials. AF is currently an employee of Zimmer Biomet. KS is the measure steward for two National Quality Forum endorsed measures (#2962 Shared Decision Making Process and #2958 Informed-Patient-Centered Hip and Knee Replacement Surgery). Outside the study, KS receives research support from the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute, CRICO Foundation, and Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Additionally, outside of the study, TC reports grant support from the National Institutes of Health, personal consulting relationships with Bio2, Nuvasive, and K2M, and institutional fellowship support from Nuvasive, K2M, and OMEGA. To the best of our knowledge, no other conflicts of interest, financial or other, exist.