Funding for this research was provided by:
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (K19K195260)
Received: 14 August 2019
Accepted: 2 July 2020
First Online: 9 July 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The study was approved by the ethics committee at Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine (Approved July 24, 2017). The study was described in detail, both in writing and verbally, to the nursing department manager and participants at the facility at which the JNPs worked. Thereafter, written informed consent was obtained from all participants. When necessary, the study documents were submitted to the ethics committee at the nurses’ facility, and their approval was obtained. We assured participants of anonymity, freedom, and their right to suspend or withdraw participation in the research at any time. We explained the benefits and disadvantages of participation in the research, how we would manage the collected data, and informed participants that the data would be used only for research purposes.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare there is no competing interest.