Funding for this research was provided by:
Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (K99 MH104154-01A1R25 TW009340, P30 AI50410)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2018-04-02
Received: 14 November 2016
Accepted: 20 March 2018
First Online: 2 April 2018
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Ethics approval was obtained from the Malawi National Health Science Research Committee and the University of North Carolina Medical School institutional review board. This analysis used de-identified data from KCH Ward Database. The review boards above exempt formal consenting when analyzing retrospective, de-identified, existing data. Administrative permission to access and use the KCH medical ward database was obtained from the hospital’s director.
: Not applicable
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.