Funding for this research was provided by:
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (KA 4199/1-1)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2018-09-26
Received: 17 July 2018
Accepted: 20 September 2018
First Online: 26 September 2018
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Patients provided informed written consent on admission to the use of their pseudonymized data for scientific purposes, in accordance with German data protection law. The study only included pseudonymized routine data and the researchers were unable to connect data to individual patients. The study was conducted as part of the research project “Towards a full picture of the costs of antimicrobial resistance” funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG KA 4199/1–1). The project and its individual work packages were approved by the Ethics Committee of the University of Freiburg (Application 305/14) covering the present study. The data used were obtained from and used with permission of the Institute for Infection Prevention and Hospital Epidemiology and the Hospital Administration Department.
: Not applicable: no individual patient data.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.