Funding for this research was provided by:
Cheshire and Merseyside Palliative and End-of-Life Care Strategic Clinical Network
Received: 9 May 2018
Accepted: 24 September 2018
First Online: 10 October 2018
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: In keeping with Health Research Authority Guidance, the bereaved relatives’ survey was deemed to be Service Evaluation, and so formal ethical approval was not sought. Ethical approval was obtained from the University of Liverpool to undertake the interviews. All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and it later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The project was formally registered though the Royal Liverpool University Hospital Clinical Effectiveness department. For this type of study, formal consent is not required and is implied by those who completed and returned the CODE™ questionnaire. Interview participants provided written informed consent.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare they have no competing interests.
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