Funding for this research was provided by:
Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care (06669)
CIHR Signature Initiative in Community-Based Primary Healthcare (TTF 128261)
Received: 10 July 2018
Accepted: 8 May 2019
First Online: 16 May 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The original studies were approved by the Research Ethics Boards at McMaster University and Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre (Ethics certificate #: 13–394-C). ICES is a prescribed entity under section 45 of Ontario’s Personal Health Information Protection Act (ExternalRef removed). Section 45 authorizes ICES to collect personal health information, without consent, for the purpose of analysis or compiling statistical information with respect to the management of, evaluation or monitoring of, the allocation of resources to, or planning for all or part of the health system. Projects conducted under section 45, by definition, do not require review by a Research Ethics Board [CitationRef removed]. This project was conducted under section 45, and approved by ICES’ Privacy and Compliance Office.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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