Funding for this research was provided by:
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (OPP1142884, OPP1142878, OPP142874, OPP1083531)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-06-25
Received: 1 August 2018
Accepted: 12 June 2019
First Online: 25 June 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The study used combined data sets from three specific sectors, collected by three different organizations. All organizations obtained approval from their Institutional Review Board (IRB) for their respective survey. Additionally, in Bihar public sector, Oxford Policy Management obtained ethical approval for the data collection from the IRB of Sigma Research and Consulting. In UP public sector, this study was conducted in partnership with the National Health Mission of Uttar Pradesh. IRB approval for this study was granted from Public Health Service–Ethical Review Board and from the Health Ministry Screening Committee, facilitated by the Indian Council for Medical Research. These protocols were also registered with the Clinical Trial Registry—India (CTRI/2015/09/006219). In UP private sector, study protocol received approval from IRB of the International Center for Research on Women, Washington DC, and local approval from the IRB of Sigma Research and Consulting. In all three studies, participants provided a written, informed consent confirming their voluntary participation in the study. Confidentiality and privacy of medical information were maintained during the study.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.