Funding for this research was provided by:
European Refugee Fund (E 85-292:51-211-12792)
Stiftelsen Olle Engkvist Byggmästare
Received: 10 September 2018
Accepted: 28 August 2019
First Online: 18 September 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Ethics approval was not needed according to the regional Ethical Committee of Clinical Investigation in Uppsala, Dnr: 2013:446, based on that no personal identification numbers were collected or sensitive issues were in focus. Information letters in Arabic and Somali were distributed by teachers holding courses in Swedish for beginners or civic orientation. The letter included information about the purpose of the study, that participation was voluntary, the possibility to withdraw at any time without explanation, the confidentiality of the treatment and presentation of data and that consent to participate in the study was given by participating in a focus group. The same information was repeated verbally in the participants’ native language at the beginning of each focus group. Oral informed consent was used because there was a risk that a written one would prevent potential participants from participating in the study. This, because they have low confidence in the authorities and do not want to sign documents with their personal data. All participants gave their consent to be included in the study.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.