Funding for this research was provided by:
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation ((OPP142874 for ICRW; OPP1142884 for OPM; and OPP1083531 for Sambodhi))
Received: 28 December 2018
Accepted: 25 November 2019
First Online: 31 December 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The study used combined data sets from three specific sectors, collected by three different organizations. All organizations obtained Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval for their respective survey. In Bihar public sector, Oxford Policy Management has obtained ethical approval for the data collection from the IRB of Sigma Research and Consulting. In Uttar Pradesh public sector, this study was conducted in partnership with the National Health Mission (NHM) of Uttar Pradesh. IRB approval for this study was granted from Public Health Service<b>–</b>Ethical Review Board (PHS-ERB) and from the Health Ministry Screening Committee (HMSC) facilitated by Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR). These protocols were also registered with the Clinical Trial Registry – India (CTRI/2015/09/006219). In UP private sector, IRB protocol was cleared from International Center for Research on Women-IRB, Washington DC, and local approval from the IRB of Sigma Research and Consulting. In all three studies, all participants provided a written, informed consent confirming their voluntary participation in the study. Confidentiality and privacy of medical information were maintained during the study.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.