Funding for this research was provided by:
Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (TC-1403-14049)
Received: 10 August 2020
Accepted: 15 December 2020
First Online: 7 January 2021
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Institutional Review Boards at the University of Kentucky, Kaiser Permanente Southern California, and Westat reviewed and approved the study protocol and consent procedures. Informed consent was obtained from all patient and hospital survey participants prior to survey completion. HIPPA authorization was obtained from all patients when recruited from hospitals. Documentation of informed consent was waived due to the survey modes used (e.g., phone, mailed, web) and the low-risk nature of the surveys. However, verbal consent was obtained from patients completing phone-based surveys, and mail- or web-based surveys were prefaced with a cover sheet containing the elements of informed consent.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.