Funding for this research was provided by:
United States Agency for International Development (AID-OAA-L-14-00004)
National Institutes of Health (P2C HD050924)
Received: 1 October 2019
Accepted: 27 January 2020
First Online: 3 February 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: A memorandum of understanding for the sharing of data between PSI and MEASURE Evaluation was signed on November 10, 2017. The University of North Carolina Institutional Review Board approved the study on August 24, 2018, through expedited review #18–1303. The Malawi National Committee on Research in the Social Sciences and Humanities approved the study on November 12, 2018, through permit #P.09/18/318. Informed written consent and assent was obtained from all key informants and FGD participants. Providers and staff approached for participation in the study were informed that the interview was not required and would not influence their relationship or affiliation with PSI.
: Not applicable, there is no personally identifiable individual-level data.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.