Funding for this research was provided by:
National Institutes of Health (D43-TW007267)
University of Washington (Department of Surgery Research Reinvestment Fund)
Received: 2 April 2020
Accepted: 6 January 2021
First Online: 13 January 2021
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Approval for the study was provided by the ethical committee of the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology and the University of Washington Institutional Review Board. All data were anonymously recorded. Permission was granted (i.e., informed assent) from each Regional Health Directorate and individual hospital administrators (medical superintendents or administrators) before hospital visits.
: Not applicable.
: There are no competing interests or financial disclosures to provide on behalf of any co-author.