Funding for this research was provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (R01 HL135199)
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (U01 NS041588)
Received: 15 May 2020
Accepted: 28 January 2021
First Online: 17 February 2021
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The Institutional Review Boards of Weill Cornell Medicine and the University of Alabama at Birmingham approved the protocol for this secondary analysis of data from the REGARDS study. This analysis was also approved by the REGARDS Executive Committee and is part of the scope of our data use agreement with the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.
: Not applicable.
: Dr. Kern is a consultant to Mathematica, Inc. Ms. Rajan is a consultant to Veterans Biomedical Research Institute. Drs. Colantonio and Safford receive grant funding from Amgen, Inc. The other authors reported no competing interests.