Received: 12 January 2021
Accepted: 5 August 2021
First Online: 27 August 2021
: Ethical approval was obtained from the “Comité de Bioéthique de Recherche en Santé” (Bioethics Committee for Health Research) from the Togo Ministry of Health (No. 004/2020/CBRS). Potential participants were informed about the study purpose and procedures, potential risks and protections. Those willing to participate were invited to sign a consent form prior to participation. The African Centre for Research in Epidemiology and Public Health, provided ethical clearance for household surveys. All participants in surveys provided informed, signed consent. In every household, the interviewer explained the purpose of the questionnaire and study and asked whether the respondent was interested in hearing more and, may be, in participating. If the respondent agreed to participate in the survey, the interviewer collected his written informed consent. A copy of the informed consent is kept for the integrity of the research. The information collected in the survey was solely used for research purposes and never have the name and residence of the respondents been disclosed to a third person. The written consent of respondents is sought and obtained if they are over 18 years of age. For minors between the ages of 10 and 17, written consent from parents or legal representatives is sought and obtained in addition to the subject’s assent prior to the administration of any questionnaire. Finally, potential participants were told about the study purpose and procedures, potential risks and protections, and compensation. Written informed consent was obtained prior to participation. All the information and methods given have been applied in accordance with the directives and regulations.
: Not required.
: The author declares that he/she has no competing interests.