Funding for this research was provided by:
State Insurance Regulatory Authority (Spine surgery audit, Spine surgery audit)
Received: 3 March 2021
Accepted: 10 August 2021
First Online: 11 September 2021
: Ethics approval for this study, which used anonymized administrative data, was granted by the South Western Sydney Local Health District Human Research Ethics Committee (HREC/16/LPOOL/189; LPN HE16/097); the South Western Sydney Local Health District Human Research Ethics Committee provided waiver of consent to participate. All methods were performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki.
: Not applicable.
: Rob Kuru is a listed assessor of permanent impairment with the State Insurance Regulatory Authority (SIRA) and Vice President of the Spine Society of Australia.