Funding for this research was provided by:
UC Global Health Institute Center of Expertise on Migration and Health
UC Pacific Rim Research Program
Fordham University HIV Prevention Research Ethics Training Institute/National Institutes of Drug Abuse (R25DA031608)
Received: 9 December 2016
Accepted: 19 January 2018
First Online: 2 February 2018
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: All procedures were approved by institutional review boards at the University of California, San Diego, Universidad del Valle de Guatemala, and the Guatemalan Ministry of Public Health and Social Assistance. All participants provided written informed consent prior to participation. Women were informed that that they could pause or end the interview at any moment, and that they could withdraw from the study at any time. Confidentiality was assured through strict protocols, which included identifying participants only by pseudonyms, removing personal identifiers from research documents, and employing measures to protect all data.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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