Funding for this research was provided by:
Received: 30 October 2018
Accepted: 20 May 2019
First Online: 27 August 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Ethical approvals were obtained from, the Institutional Review Board of Assiut University, and the Population Council’s Institutional Review Board. This study was given a full IRB approval by the Population Council in August 2016, under Protocol No 751.Written informed consent was obtained from all participants.
: The authors of this study obtained verbal consent from all the participants who took part in the focus groups, in-depth interviews or the mystery clients for direct quotes made by them to be used in this manuscript. The consent clarified that the data obtained will be analyzed and published in an academic journal.
: OEG and MA were both consultants for the Evidence to End FGM/C research programme, coordinated by Population Council to conduct this study in Egypt. SAH is an employee of the Population Council-Cairo office, under which this study was carried out.