Received: 28 August 2020
Accepted: 20 October 2020
First Online: 9 November 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Israel experiments: bats were captured under permit from the Israel Nature and Parks Authority (permit no. 2016/41422). Procedures were carried out in accordance to standards set by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee operating according to the Israel Health Ministry, ethics approval no. L-15-008. The researchers’ institutional ethics approval numbers are as follows: AB: TAU-R 1011346, EA: TAU-R 100493, and YY: TAU-R 100226 (other authors did not handle the bats). Bulgaria experiments: bats were caught in North Bulgaria with a permit from the Bulgarian authorities MOEV-Sofia and RISOV-Ruse (permit number 189/07.08.2018).
: Not applicable.
: We have no competing interests.