Funding for this research was provided by:
World Bank Group (TF 054952 LE)
Received: 1 June 2018
Accepted: 17 January 2019
First Online: 15 February 2019
: Laurel Sprague, PhD, has supported participatory research and action projects by and for networks of people living with HIV and key population communities in sub-Saharan Africa, Eastern Europe and Central Asia, and North America since 2008. Her research focuses on the resilience and resistance of marginalized communities in the face of stigma, discrimination, and criminalization. She previously taught Political Science at Wayne State University.Rima Afifi, PhD, is a professor in the College of Public Health of the University of Iowa. She has conducted research for over 20 years with communities in the Arab world. Whenever possible, she uses methods of community-based participatory research, which give marginalized communities voice and opportunities for self-determination.George Ayala, PsyD, is the Executive Director of Mpact Global Action for Gay Men’s Health and Rights (formerly The Global Forum on MSM & HIV). A clinical psychologist and social science researcher by training, Dr. Ayala has more than 25 years of experience working in community-based organizations.Musah Lumumba El-nasoor is a medical student at Kampala International University, who has emerged from the community of people living with HIV as a young leader. Since 2004, Musah has been involved in advocacy for policies and programs that meet the emerging sexual, reproductive, mental health, and treatment needs for adolescents and young people living with HIV, nationally, regionally, and globally.The views expressed are solely those of the authors and do not represent those of UNAIDS.
: Not applicable.
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: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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