Funding for this research was provided by:
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (OPP1114297)
Received: 25 February 2020
Accepted: 29 April 2020
First Online: 23 June 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The study procedures for both study sites were approved by the National Bioethics Committee in Haiti (1516-30), the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine Ethics Committee (103939), and the Tulane Institutional Review Board (795709). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) investigators were not considered to be engaged in human subject research. All participants provided informed written consent and/or assent, with parental consent for the school surveys and opt-out process as described above. Participation in the study was not remunerated.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.