Funding for this research was provided by:
Economic and Social Research Council
Received: 29 July 2020
Accepted: 15 September 2020
First Online: 11 November 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The authors assert that all procedures contributing to this work comply with the ethical standards of the relevant national and institutional committees on human experimentation and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2008. All procedures involving human subjects/patients were approved for the UK Biobank from the North West Multi-centre Research Ethics Committee (11/NW/03820). All UK Biobank participants gave informed consent in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki prior to enrolment in the study.
: Not applicable
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.