Funding for this research was provided by:
Chief Scientist Office, Scottish Government Health and Social Care Directorate
Received: 26 June 2020
Accepted: 1 December 2020
First Online: 12 January 2021
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: UK Biobank has full ethical approval from the NHS National Research Ethics Service (16/NW/0274).Individuals were invited to participate on a voluntary basis if they lived within 25 miles of a UK Biobank assessment centre and were registered with a General Practitioner; all participants gave informed consent for data provision and linkage.
: Not applicable
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.