Received: 12 November 2020
Accepted: 25 February 2021
First Online: 26 March 2021
: This research has been conducted using summary statistics publicly available and the UK Biobank Resource under Application number 42468. No original data were collected for the MR study. Ethical approval for each of the studies included in the investigation can be found in the original publications (including informed consent from each participant). The UK Biobank has already received ethical approval from the Research Ethics Committee, and participants provided written informed consent. The analysis of other publicly available summary statistics does not require additional ethical approval.
: Not applicable
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.