Funding for this research was provided by:
British Nutrition Foundation
Received: 3 November 2020
Accepted: 9 March 2021
First Online: 22 April 2021
: The UK Biobank study was conducted according to the Declaration of Helsinki and ethical approval was granted by the North West Multi-Centre Research Ethics Committee (reference number 06/MRE08/65). At recruitment, all participants gave informed consent to participate and be followed-up through data-linkage.
: Not applicable.
: All authors have completed the ICMJE uniform disclosure form at ExternalRef removed and declare: support from the NIHR SPCR, ARC and BRC, as well as from the MRC and BHF for the submitted work; no financial relationships with any organizations that might have an interest in the submitted work in the previous 3 years; no other relationships or activities that could appear to have influenced the submitted work.