Funding for this research was provided by:
Wellcome (064693,079110, 095778, 110255, 202800)
National Institutes of Health in the Center for Research on Genomics and Global Health (1ZIAHG200362)
Developing Excellence in Leadership, Training and Science (DEL-15-003)
Received: 15 December 2020
Accepted: 16 April 2021
First Online: 20 May 2021
: Informed written consent was obtained from all children’s parents or guardians before inclusion in the study. Ethical approvals were granted by the Scientific Ethics Review Unit of the Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI/SERU/CGMR-C/046/3257) in Kenya, the Uganda Virus Research Institute (GC/127/12/07/32) and Uganda National Council for Science and Technology (MV625) in Uganda, by Ministere de la Recherche Scientifique et de l’Innovation (reference 2014-12-151) in Burkina Faso, the Gambian Government and the Medical Research Council Ethics Review Committee in The Gambia (874/830), the University of Witwatersrand Human Research Ethics Committee (M130714) in South Africa and in the UK by the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (A340) and the Oxford Tropical Research Ethics Committees (39-12, 41-12, 42-14, and 1042-13).
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.