Funding for this research was provided by:
National Science Foundation of China (No. 81971262)
West China Hospital COVID-19 Epidemic Science and Technology Project (No. HX-2019-nCoV-014)
Sichuan University Emergency Grant (No. 2020scunCoVyingji10002)
NordForsk grant (No.105668, No.105668)
Horizon2020 (No. 847776, No. 847776)
Received: 14 March 2022
Accepted: 8 August 2022
First Online: 23 August 2022
: The UK Biobank has full ethical approval from the NHS National Research Ethics Service (reference number: 16/NW/0274), and this study was also approved by the biomedical research ethics committee of West China Hospital (reference number: 2020.661).
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare no competing interests.