Funding for this research was provided by:
National Health and Medical Research Council (1175405)
Fundamental Research Funds of the State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology (303060202400362)
National Natural Science Foundation of China (82101173, 81870663)
Science and Technology Program of Guangzhou, China. (202002020049)
Received: 27 May 2022
Accepted: 20 October 2022
First Online: 30 November 2022
: All participants provided informed consent in the UK Biobank study. The UK Biobank study was reviewed and approved by the National Information Governance Board for Health and Social Care and the NHS North West Multicenter Research Ethics Committee (11/NW/0382) and the Biobank consortium (application no. 62489). Since we used de-identified data in a public dataset, the Medical Research Ethics Committee of Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital waived the requirements to obtain the ethical approval. The study was performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.