Received: 24 October 2017
Accepted: 12 April 2018
First Online: 25 April 2018
: An approved animal use protocol was waived by the chairperson of the ethical committee of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (Ghent University) as urine in the awake horses was collected by the owner/keeper not invasively during spontaneous voiding. The anesthetized horses were sampled by urinary catheterization as standard procedure during operation.A written consent was obtained from the owner/keeper of each animal. All of the patients that were omitted to the University hospital, were treated following the institutional guidelines.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.