Received: 29 May 2018
Accepted: 24 August 2018
First Online: 31 August 2018
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: In accordance with the Experiments on Animals Act from January 15th 2015 (Journal of Laws of the Republic of Poland, 2015, item. 266), concerning the welfare of the animals used for research or teaching purposes, the provisions shall not apply to: 1. veterinary services as defined by the Act from December 18th 2003 concerning veterinary practices (Journal of Laws from 2004, No. 11, item 95 as amended in item 3), as well as agricultural activity, raising and breeding livestock according to the Animal Welfare Act, not designed to carry out medical procedures; 2. clinical veterinary studies carried out according to Article 37ah-37ak of the Act from September 6th 2001 – Pharmaceutical Law (Journal of Laws from 2008, No. 45, item 271 as amended in item 4); 3. activity aimed at identifying animals; 4. capturing wild animals for biometric and systematic assessment; 5. veterinary procedures which to not cause pain, suffering, distress or permanent health impairment equal to or more invasive than the insertion of a needle. Hence, the study entitled “The bacteriological examination of conjunctival swabs in healthy Silesian adult horses and foals.” does not require the approval of the Ethics Committee. All procedures were performed during the study with owner consent.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests. None of the aforementioned companies had any direct or indirect involvement in the development of the manuscript and the works reflects the opinions of the authors.
: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.