Funding for this research was provided by:
Norbury Trust (N/A)
Morris Animal Foundation (D18ZO-401)
College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University (N/A)
Received: 14 December 2018
Accepted: 15 July 2019
First Online: 29 July 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) Protocol #6249, Office of Research Assurances, Washington State University; formal Agreement for Collaboration between Animals Asia Foundation Limited and Washington State University was obtained and signed by both parties in October 2017 and remains valid.
: Not applicable.
: The corresponding author, Monica Bando, worked for a bear rescue sanctuary as a veterinarian from 2010 to 2014. Funding for portions of this project were from WSU CVM and the Norbury Trust (field work and pre-molar processing).