Funding for this research was provided by:
Ministero della Salute, Dipartimento della Sanità Pubblica Veterinaria, della Sicurezza Alimentare e degli Organi Collegiali per la Tutela della Salute (IZS PLV 05/14 RC)
Received: 22 February 2019
Accepted: 16 July 2019
First Online: 24 July 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: All samples included in this study were received as routine diagnostic submissions for the screening of abortions as prescribed by law. Samples and analyses included in the present study were performed in accordance with current Regulation concerning of Maintenance of Bovine Brucellosis free Health Status (Directive 97/12/CE, adopted by Italian Law 196/199). No experimental protocols were applied; consequently, the need for ethics approval is deemed unnecessary by the IRB of IZSPLV, because the activities described in this study are not part of the pertinence field of current Regulation on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes (Directive 2010/63/UE, adopted by Italian Law 26/2014).
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.