Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-11-15
Received: 27 April 2019
Accepted: 14 October 2019
First Online: 15 November 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: This article describes the investigation of a herd problem including a herd visit and hospitalization of representative animals. The sampling and examinations of all animals was conducted in accordance with international guidelines and national law concerning animal welfare. Animal sampling and treatment were part of a routine veterinary practice and calves were not subjected to new or experimental treatments; thus no ethics approval was required for this case report.
: A written informed consent for publication of patient files and images and personal details was obtained from the farm owner.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.