Funding for this research was provided by:
Consortium for Advanced Research Training in Africa
Carnegie Corporation of New York (B 8606.R02)
Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (54100113)
DELTAS Africa Initiative (107768/Z/15/Z)
Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (DAAD
Received: 5 June 2020
Accepted: 20 September 2020
First Online: 29 September 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The study was approved by the Biosecurity, Animal Use and Ethics Committee (BAUEC) at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Nairobi, Kenya (FVM BAUEC/2016/122). Blood collection in cattle was carried out in accordance with the guidelines laid down by the BAUEC requiring keen adherence to animal welfare and strict observance of biosecurity measures during handling of infectious materials. The study was described in full details to the cattle owners after which they gave informed consent verbally for them to participate and for their animals to be included in the study.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.