Funding for this research was provided by:
Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B: 16H05804, B: 18H02332)
Young Scientists grant from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (B: 16K18798)
Received: 10 February 2020
Accepted: 4 November 2020
First Online: 23 November 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Swab samples used in this study had obtained based on written informed consent from farm owners. Collection of swab samples from chickens was approved by the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation of Myanmar (approval number: 5/6000/moali (1192/2017) and 1080/pa10(kha)/2017).
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.