Funding for this research was provided by:
CGIAR Research Program (1)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2020-01-14
Received: 11 October 2019
Accepted: 8 January 2020
First Online: 14 January 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB) of Hanoi University of Public Health (HUPH), Vietnam (Reference Number IRB/018–186/DD-YTCC. Verbal informed consent was obtained from all owners to collect samples from the pigs. IRB approved to receive the verbal informed consent as most of the farmers were either illiterate or semi-literate. This consent form was dated and signed by the researchers indicating that “I have read and explained this consent form to the participant before receiving the participant’s consent, and the participant had knowledge of its contents and appeared to understand it”.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Barbara Wieland is a member of the editorial board.