Received: 10 March 2021
Accepted: 28 July 2021
First Online: 28 August 2021
: Prior to the commencement of the study, ethical clearance was obtained from the University of Life Sciences Ethics Committee (decision no. 25/2012). The experiment was conducted on a commercial dairy farm near Poznań, Poland. A total of thirty mature cows undergoing lactation participated in the experiment. The owner of the herd was informed about the methods and the purpose of the study and gave written permission for the use of the cows in this study. All experimental protocols involving animals were performed in accordance with the Guiding Principles for the Care and Use of Research Animals and Animal Research: Reporting In Vivo Experiments (ARRIVE guidelines). All methods and procedures reported herein were carried out in line with European Union Directive 2010/63/EU.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.