Received: 16 August 2020
Accepted: 19 October 2022
First Online: 7 November 2022
: No human participants have been involved. No ethical approval was obtained because all patients had naturally occurring disease and all treatments were performed for the direct benefit of the patient. Following consultation about the study design, written informed client consent was obtained for treatment of all horses.
: Not applicable.
: MJS and BAH have consulting agreements with Equus Innovations. Their responsibilities are to serve as medical experts on issues pertaining to products, collaborate with personnel and external parties in the selection, construction and implementation of clinical trials to evaluate performance of products, participate in product design, development, and testing and engage with stakeholders on a peer-to-peer basis regarding product use, characteristics and potential for expanded clinical indications. Additionally, BAH is a minority shareholder in Equus innovations. HRD has no conflicts of interest to declare.