Funding for this research was provided by:
Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan (MOST109-2314-B-037-085-MY3)
The National Chiao Tung University–Kaohsiung Medical University Joint Research Project (NYCUKMU-111-I003)
Kaohsiung Municipal Ta-Tung Hospital (KMTTH-110-R002, KMTTH-111-R003)
Ministry of Health and Welfare (MOHW110-CDC-C-114-000108, MOHW111-CDC-C-114-000102)
MOST Joint Research Center for AI Technology and All Vista Healthcare (MOST110-2634-F-009-015, MOST107-2634-F-002-019)
Received: 28 April 2022
Accepted: 2 January 2023
First Online: 11 January 2023
: The study was performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committees of Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital (IRB: KMUIRB-G(II)-20170033, KMUHIRB-G(I)-20190035). Each participant provided informed consent before enrollment.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.