Funding for this research was provided by:
Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (U01HD061234-01A1; Supplementary -05S1 and -02S2)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-05-06
Received: 2 March 2019
Accepted: 29 April 2019
First Online: 6 May 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The clinical protocol was approved by the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, UK, Research Ethics Committee (LSTM/REC Research Protocol 10.55. Dec 2010); the Institutional Review Board of the Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium (IRB/AB/AC/016. February 2011); the Antwerp University Hospital Ethics Committee (EC/UZA. February 2011); in Burkina Faso the Institutional Ethics Committee of Centre Muraz (Comité d’Ethique Institutionnel du Centre Muraz, and the National Ethics Committee (Comité Ethique pour la Recherche en Santé, CERS. Ref 015-2010/CE-CM. January 2011).Prior to enrolment the study team visited each village to inform village elders and senior women about trial objectives and for permission to invite young women to take part. Informed consent with right to withdraw (signature or thumb print) was granted by each participant, or by her appointed guardian if a minor or married at recruitment and repeated later by participants continuing to be followed in the pregnant cohort. Participants provided written informed consent for publication of research results.
: All participants gave consent for publication.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.