Funding for this research was provided by:
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
FP7 Ideas: European Research Council (AdG-2011-294429)
Received: 9 January 2019
Accepted: 5 July 2019
First Online: 16 July 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: These studies were approved by the Institutional Review Boards of the Harvard School of Public Health, the Ethics Committee of the Ministry of Health in Senegal and the Joint Gambian Government/MRC Ethics Committee. Written informed consent was obtained directly from adult subjects and from parents or other legal guardians of all participating children.
: Written informed consent was obtained from all enrolled patients for publication of this study.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.