Funding for this research was provided by:
USAID President's Malaria Initiative (AID-OAA-A-14-00057)
Received: 14 May 2019
Accepted: 7 September 2019
First Online: 18 September 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Ethical approval was obtained from the College of Medicine Research and Ethics Committee of the University of Malawi (Ref: P.11/16/2065) and Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health (Ref: IRB00007514). The study was only administered to participants above 18 years of age upon written informed consent.
: All authors read and approved the final manuscript and consent to its publication.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.