Funding for this research was provided by:
United States Agency for International Development
Received: 17 December 2019
Accepted: 7 April 2020
First Online: 15 April 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The protocol was reviewed and approved by the Malawi College of Medicine Research Ethics Committee (COMREC); the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Human Subjects Office determined that CDC staff were not engaged in human subjects research. Representatives from the Government of Malawi Ministry of Health were involved throughout the design and implementation of the survey, and permission was obtained from the officials in each District Health Office prior to initiating the survey. In each EA, permission was obtained from the village leaders. Written informed consent was obtained from each respondent before data collection; participants were told that this survey was focused on antenatal care and malaria prevention in pregnancy.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.