Funding for this research was provided by:
Francis Crick Institute (FC001097)
Medical Research Council (U117585869, U117532067)
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/P028608/1)
European F7 (grant agreement 242095, EviMalaR)
Received: 26 September 2019
Accepted: 17 April 2020
First Online: 26 April 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The Ethics Committee at the Institute for Advanced Medical Research and Training of the College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria, reviewed the study and gave ethical approval for sample collection from the hospital platform, primary care centres and schools in the city of Ibadan, Nigeria (permit number: UI/EC/10/0130). Parents and/or guardians of study participants gave informed written consent in accordance with the World Medical Association’s ethical principles for research involving human subjects.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.