Funding for this research was provided by:
Fogarty International Center (D43TW010526)
Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch
Received: 21 April 2020
Accepted: 5 August 2020
First Online: 26 August 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Ethical approval for the primary study was obtained from the Makerere University School of Medicine Research and Ethics Committee, the Uganda National Council of Science and Technology, the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine Ethics Committee, and the University of California, San Francisco Committee on Human Research. Ethical approval to access and use participants’ samples from the primary study was obtained from the school of Medicine Research and Ethics Committee (SOMREC), the Uganda National Council of Science and Technology (UNCST) and the Australian Department of Defence and Veterans’ Affairs Human Research Ethics Committee (DDVA HREC 096-18).
: All authors read and approved the manuscript for publication.
: All authors declare that they have no competing interests.