Funding for this research was provided by:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID U19 AI 129387, NIAID U19 AI 089696)
Fogarty International Center (NIH Research Training Grant R25 TW009340)
Received: 25 March 2020
Accepted: 10 August 2020
First Online: 18 August 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Subjects were enrolled with their informed assent and their parents’ written informed consent after the study protocol had been reviewed and approved by the NIH (NIAID), the Mali and Tulane Institutional Review Boards (FWA000001769, FWA000002055) and the chief and elders of the village.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.